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Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis


  • Ian Scoones - 1998
  • ISBN 1 85964 224 8
  • 22 pages      
  • Printed price £12.95

IDS Working Papers - 72
The concept of ‘sustainable livelihoods’ is increasingly important in the development debate. This paper outlines a framework for analysing sustainable livelihoods, defined here in relation to five key indicators. The framework shows how, in different contexts, sustainable livelihoods are achieved through access to a range of livelihood resources (natural, economic, human and social capitals) which are combined in the pursuit of different livelihood strategies (agricultural intensification or extensification, livelihood diversification and migration). Central to the framework is the analysis of the range of formal and informal organisational and institutional factors that influence sustainable livelihood outcomes. In conclusion, the paper briefly considers some of the practical, methodological and operational implications of a sustainable livelihoods approach. THIS IS NOW OUT OF PRINT BUT CAN BE DOWNLOADED FROM OUR WEBSITE. PLEASE SEE BELOW.